An employee evaluation is the assessment and review of a worker’s job performance. Most companies have an employee evaluation system wherein employees are evaluated on a regular basis (often once a year). Typically these assessments are done at year end or on the employee's service anniversary. That is, if you were hired in February, your evaluation is in February, and if you were hired in December, your evaluation is in December. Many companies tie their annual raises to the employee evaluation.
If your business does this anddoes evaluations based on your service anniversary, you can find that employees hired at the end of the year receive disproportionate raises compared to their coworkers. This happens when managers either use too much of their raise budget early in the year or save everything until the end when they must either use the money or lose it.
Why Employers Use Employee Evaluations
Regular employee evaluation helpsremind workers what their managers expectin the workplace. They provide employers with information to use when makingemployment decisions, such aspromotions,pay raises, and layoffs.
In a traditional employee evaluation, the manager or supervisor writes and presents theemployee's contributions and shortcomings to the employee. The manager and employee then discuss improvements. Some organizations ask the employee towrite a self-evaluation before the meeting.
Self-evaluations are often critical to your good performance rating. Managers cannot possibly know everything you do every day. So a well-written self-evaluation with successes and complex projects listed can inform, or remind, your manager about the goals you've accomplished and the contributions you've made during the year.
By writing this up, you can influence your manager's final decision about your performance rating. If you've received praise from clients, either internal or external, include them in your self-evaluation to let your manager know that others appreciate your work.
The performance evaluation process in organizations is ongoing - every day - as the manager or supervisor observes andcoaches each employee's performance.
In many organizations with a formal employee evaluation process, employees are ranked and rated in comparison to other employees. Raises are assigned based on both the assessment ranking and the rating - usually 1-5 - that the manager assigns to the employee's performance.
Additionally, some organizations determine, in advance, the percentage of employees whom you can rank, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.
Keep in mind that many companies haveforced rankingsand can only mark a certain percentage of employees asexceeds expectations. You may have been spectacular, but if you weren't as spectacular as your coworkers, you may find your rating lower than you truly deserve.